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Fructus Trichosanthis

【苗 medicine tshuaj tshuaj npe】 gualou [lus npe lub npe] Trichosanthis Fructus. Qhov chaw】 Mloog txiv hmab txiv ntoo ntawm Trichosanthes klrllowll Maxim. [Cog daim ntawv] Perennial nyom vine. Yoojyim hloov, nrog cov hlua ntev; tendrils axillary; leafy, feem ntau nyob ze-plawv-puab, indehiscent los yog palmately lobed mus rau mid-cleft ....

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【苗 awm tshuaj tshuaj npe】 gualou

[Lus cim npe] Trichosanthis Fructus.

Qhov chaw】 Mloog txiv hmab txiv ntoo ntawm Trichosanthes klrllowll Maxim.

[Cog daim ntawv] Perennial nyom vine. Yoojyim hloov, nrog cov hlua ntev; tendrils axillary; leafy, feem ntau nyob ze-lub plawv-puab, indehiscent los yog palmately lobed mus nruab nrab-cleft. Dioecious, ob peb txiv neej paj yug nyob rau hauv lub apex ntawm lub ntsiab qia, poj niam paj solitary; txiv neej paj nrog peb stamens, anthers poly tshuaj, cais thaum paub tab, poj niam paj ovary qis. Cov phais plaub hau thoob plaws lub cev, txiv kab ntxwv-daj. Noob oval. Flowering los ntawm Lub Xya hli ntuj mus rau Lub yim hli ntuj, fruiting lub sij hawm los ntawm Cuaj hlis mus rau Lub kaum hli ntuj.

[Qhov Chaw Keeb Kwm] Yug los ntawm ntug kev ntawm lub hav zoov. Tshaj tawm hauv Shandong, Hebei, Henan thiab lwm qhov chaw.

【Harvesting and Processing】 Thaum Fructus Trichosanthis yog ripe nyob rau hauv lub caij nplooj zeeg, txiav nws nrog ib tug txiv hmab txiv ntoo qia thiab qhuav nws nyob rau hauv ib qhov chaw ventilated.

【Tshuaj Ntsuab xim】 Spherical los yog qhov dav oval. Qhov saum npoo yog txiv kab ntxwv rau txiv kab ntxwv-liab, shrunken los smoother, nrog sib npaug style seem nyob rau sab saum toj. Nqa tawg, yooj yim kom tawg qhib, daj thiab dawb hauv qhov chaw, xim liab thiab daj, txiv kab ntxwv txiv kab ntxwv, tuab, nplaum nrog feem ntau cov noob. Gases xws li caramel; me ntsis qaub thiab qab zib.

【Cov kev tshawb fawb txog kev ua lag luam】 dilatation ntawm arterial crest; tus kab mob hu ua myocardial ischemia; kev txhim kho ntawm microcirculation; inhibition of platelet aggregation; hypoxia kam rau siab; kev mob antiarrhythmia; antiulcer; antibacterial; anticancer; anti-aging.

[tshuaj lom neeg muaj pes tsawg leeg] Fructus Trichosanthis muaj xyaw protease, ntau hom amino acids thiab muaj cov roj tsw qab ntsev. Noob muaj triterpene saponins thiab lwm cov khoom xyaw. Lwm cov khoom xyaw muaj xws li aldicarb, diterpenoid diol, isophthalene diol, vanillic acid, ethyl linolenate thiab lwm yam khoom xyaw.


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