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Fructus Xanthii

【苗 medicine medicine tshuaj npe】 cangerzi 【Source】 Compositae Xanthium sibiricum Patr.ex Widd. Fructus Xanthii 【Plant morphology】 Txhua xyoo tshuaj ntsuab, 30-90 cm siab, stems ntxhib, luv plaub mos mos. Yoojyim hloov, ntev-stalked, broadly triangular-bladed, apex acute, base cordate, margin dentate thiab irregularly ...

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【苗 awm suav tshuaj npe】 cangerzi

【Source】 Composite Xanthium sibiricum Patr.ex Widd. Fructus Xanthii

【Tsob nroj morphology】 Tshuaj ntsuab txhua xyoo, 30-90 cm siab, khaus khaus, luv plaub. Cov nplooj ntsuab, cov xim ntsuab, lub plhaub taum plab, lub plhaub taum pauv, cov kab uas muaj hauv paus, cov paj ntoo, thiab cov tawv nqaij tsis sib haum, cov xim ntsuab daj, daj ntsuab saum toj no, daj ntseg hauv qab. Lub taub hau flowering, subsessile, polysperous, unisexual, sessile, txiv neej, inflorescence, glabrous, sepals me, 1 uake; receptacles cylindrical, nrog nplai; floret tubular, 5-lobed apical, 5 stamens, anthers ze rau cais, nrog infolded attachments; poj niam cov txiv hmab txiv ntoo inflorescences ovate, tag nrho sepals 2-3 kab, sab septs me me, puab sepals loj, ua ib qho oval, 2-celled kho vajtse nrog cov ris muag sab hauv plaub hau, tov nrog 2 tswv yim zoo li tswv yim, 2 paj, tsis muaj corolla, zes qe menyuam septum, ib chav tsev, style tawm, zoo rau sab nraud. Achene obovate, concealed nyob rau hauv ib tug barbed cheek, tsis crested. Flowering los ntawm Lub Tsib Hlis mus rau Lub Rau Hli, fruiting lub sij hawm los ntawm Lub rau hli ntuj mus rau Lub yim hli ntuj.

[Keeb kwm kev faib] Fructus Xanthii Yug rau ntawm lub tiaj nyom me me los yog txoj kev. Faib thoob plaws lub tebchaws.

【Harvesting and Processing】 Ntawm lub yim hli ntuj mus rau lub Cuaj Hli, thaum cov txiv hmab txiv ntoo yog ripe, nws tau muab tshem tawm thiab qhuav, los yog tag nrho cov nroj tsuag raug txiav, cov txiv hmab txiv ntoo yog nteg, thiab net impurities raug tshem tawm thiab qhuav. Fried Xanthium sinensis: Siv Xanthium sibiricum thiab muab tso rau hauv lub laujkaub. Maj mam simmer kom txog thaum saum npoo daj. Thaum muaj aroma, coj nws tawm thiab cia nws txias.

【Medicine qualities】 Ntxaiv-zoo li lossis oval-zoo li, ntev 1 mus rau 1.7 cm, inch 4 mus 7 hli. Qhov saum npoo yog daj-ntsuab, xim av-ntsuab los yog tsaus xim av, thiab feem ntau ntawm cov hooks yog txog 2 hli ntev. Muaj ob daim tawv tuaj ntawm ib qho kawg, sib cais los yog kev sib txuas, thiab daim tawv nqaij (tag nrho cov leeg) yog tawv, thiab muab faib ua ob sab, txhua tus uas muaj ib qho me me. Lub achenes yog ib nyuag spindle-puab, ib tug yog tiaj, daim tawv nqaij yog grayish dub thiab papery; lub hauv paus ntawm ib kem muaj lub qhov ntsia hlau zoo ib yam; cov noob yog lub teeb txho, lub tsho tiv no cov noob yog membranous, muaj ob cotyledons, thiab lub radicle yog ntawm qhov taub. Roj yog qaug zog, saj iab, oily. Granules

【Pharmacological studies】 Antimicrobial; Hypoglycemic; Lub plawv dhia ceev ceev, tsis muaj zog plawv nres contractions, dilates cov hlab ntsha, yuav pab kom vascular permeability; Antithrombin effect, txo tag nrho cov qe ntshav dawb hauv peripheral cov ntshav thiab tuaj yeem kho cov roj cholesterol thiab triglyceride rau Qib Qis; anti-inflammatory thiab analgesic; inhibition ntawm cellular tiv thaiv thiab humoral kev ua haujlwm; cov tshuaj me me kom ntxiv dag zog rau txoj hlab ntsws, cov koob tshuaj loj ntawm kev ua pa ntawm txoj hlab ntws; anti-oxidation; anti-mob cancer; excitatory plob tsis so tswj thiab lwm yam teebmeem. Toxicity: Degeneration los yog necrosis ntawm lub siab yuav ua tau. Lub ntsws thiab lub hlwb yuav congested thiab edema, thiab tuaj yeem ua rau muaj kev sib deev tom qab lom tau.

9.2% roj roj, palmitic acid, stearic acid, oleic acid, linolenic acid, cawv cawv, β-sitosterol, γ-sitosterol, β-sitosterol, lecithin, thiab cephalin. Tsis tas li ntawd, nws kuj muaj leucine, phenylalanine, glycine, aspartic acid, thiab lwm yam thiab suab thaj, organic acids, thiab cov zoo li.


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