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Pollen Typhae

【苗 medicine tshuaj tshuaj npe】 puhuang [lus English npe] Cattail Pollen. 【Source】 Pollen ntawm Typha angustifolia L. los ntawm tsev neeg Poaceae. 【Tsob ntawv daim ntawv】 Muaj ntau xyoo marsh tshuaj ntsuab. Lub rhizomes traverse thiab muaj ntau fibrous keeb kwm. Yoojyim tawm ncaj qha, ib nrab ntawm qhov dav. Paj yog me me, tsis paub meej, ...

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【苗 medicine tshuaj tshuaj npe】 puhuang

[Lus English npe] Cattail Pollen.

【Source】 Pollen ntawm Typha angustifolia L. los ntawm tsev neeg Poaceae.

【Tsob ntawv daim ntawv】 Muaj ntau xyoo marsh tshuaj ntsuab. Lub rhizomes traverse thiab muaj ntau fibrous keeb kwm. Yoojyim tawm ncaj qha, ib nrab ntawm qhov dav. Paj yog me me, tsis pom kev, monoecious thiab sib sau ua ke rau hauv ib lub cylindrical, hypertrophic ntsia hlau loj; txiv neej thiab poj niam inflorescences yog pub dawb, txiv neej inflorescences yog nyob rau sab qaum, poj niam inflorescences yog nyob rau hauv qis qhov chaw, thiab cov txiv neej cov poj niam thiab txiv neej inflorescences yog cov txo kom zoo li cov plaub hau los plaub ntxhuav. Txiv neej paj nrog stamens 2 mus rau 3, cov plaub hau ntev dua anthers, ib zaug los yog 2 mus rau 5 npaug ntawm qhov chaw, paj ntoos hnoos tsho; poj niam cov paj muaj me me pods, diav-puab, thiab stigma sib npaug ntev, me me pods thiab style yog dawb. Qhov ntev ntawm lub pob ntseg nws txawv heev, feem ntau yog luv tshaj txiv neej inflorescence, thiab brownish xim av. Neeg rau yog me me thiab tsis muaj grooves. Flowering los ntawm Lub rau hli ntuj mus rau Lub Xya hli ntuj, fruiting lub sij hawm los ntawm Lub Xya hli ntuj txog Lub yim hli ntuj.

[Keeb kwm kev faib] cattail paj hlwb yug hauv dej ntiav. Faib hauv Anhui, Jiangsu, Zhejiang thiab lwm qhov chaw.

【Harvesting and Processing】 Thaum lub paj qhib thawj zaug txij thaum Lub Rau Hli mus txog rau Lub Xya Hli, lawv raug txiav saum toj ntawm cov txiv neej paj buds, qhuav, thiab av tshem tawm impurities xws li stems. Lub paj ntoos uas ua rau txiv neej muaj paj yog hu ua "nyom daj" thiab rov qab ua si dua. Pure pollen tau, feem ntau hu ua "Puhuang."

【Medicine qualities】 Cov hmoov daj, lub cev nyhav, ntub dej rau hauv qhov dej, xuas tes ntxuav thiab hnov zoo, yoojyim rau koj cov ntiv tes. Gas me ntsis, tasteless. Nyom Puhuang yog ib tug sib tov ntawm pollen thiab filaments thiab anthers. Cov filaments yog daj-xim av thiab tsis du. Nyob hauv lub tshuab kuaj kab mob, cov paj txiv hmab txiv ntoo hnoos thiab khov kheej, nrog rau txoj kab uas hla ntawm 24 mus rau 30 microns. Qhov saum npoo resembled ib tug reticular glyph, thiab cov tib lub qhov ncauj qhov tsis pom tseeb.

Pharmacological kev tshawb fawb tau kev kho mob ntawm lub cev me ntsis, hypolipidemic thiab atherosclerosis, txhawb coagulation, excitement ntawm uterine smooth nqaij, antispasmodic cov nyhuv ntawm plab hnyuv nqaij, inhibition cellular tiv thaiv thiab humoral tiv thaiv, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, anti-allergies, hemolysis.

[tshuaj muaj pes tsawg leeg] cattail paj ntoos feem ntau muaj flavonoids thiab terpenoids. Tsis tas li ntawd, nws kuj muaj cov roj tsis muaj dej, polysaccharides, acids, tyloside, kaempferol, isorhamnetin, naringenin, kaempferol-3-arabinoside, 3-sitosterols, thiab alkanes.


pu huang 100-1000 0.01
cattail paj ntoos 100-1000 0.12 2.02
cattail paj ntoos rau kev muag khoom 10 - 100 0.61 0.15
pollen typhae 10 - 100 0.03 1.77
Typha angustifolia


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