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Polygala suav tshuaj ntsuab

Polygala main ingredient Root muaj saponins, hydrolysis yuav muab faib ua ob hom saponins Crystal, Polygalaceae Saponins A thiab Polygalaceae Saponins B. Thiab los ntawm cov hauv paus hniav ntawm cov nroj tsuag thiab yuav mus rau Tebchaws Meskas deb ntawm kev sib cais ntawm ib saponin nplooj deb ntawm lub qhov chaw, ...

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Tshuaj lom neeg

R1

R2

N9-Form Hal

CH3

CHO

1-Butyloxycarbonyl-β-Kalin

COO (CH2) 3CH3

H

1-Ethoxy carbonyl-β-Kalin

COOCH2CH3

H

1-Methoxyl pawg-β-Kalin

COOCH3

H

Hal txiv neej

H

H

Hal txiv neej

CH3

H

perlolyrine

H

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Polygala tseem ceeb muaj

Lub hauv paus muaj saponins, hydrolysis yuav muab faib ua ob hom saponins Crystal, Polygalaceae Saponins A thiab Polygalaceae Saponins B. Thiab los ntawm cov hauv paus hniav ntawm cov nroj tsuag thiab koom rau hauv Tebchaws Meskas deb ntawm kev sib cais ntawm saponin nplooj deb ntawm qhov chaw, uas yog 2β, 27 - dihydroxy - 23 - carbony oleanolic acid 3 - β - glucoside. Lwm tus uas muaj Polygala, N-acetylglucosamine, alkaloid yoojyim deb Chi Ding puag, roj roj, resin thiab hais txog.

Cov khoom xyaw tseem ceeb yog saponins, qhov ncauj ketone, oligosaccharides thiab alkaloids.

Saponins

Polygonum saponins A, B, E, F thiab G (onjisaponinA, B, E, F, G) tau raug qhia los ntawm Polygala tenuifolia. Los ntawm cov qauv tshuaj pom, Polygala saponins Lub hauv paus yog oleanolic acid hom pentacyclic triterpenes.

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Cov khoom xyaw hauv qhov ncauj

Polygala nyob rau hauv lwm chav kawm ntawm ntau qhov tseem ceeb yog Kou Shan ketone cov khoom xyaw. Xws cov khoom xyaw hauv cov nroj tsuag tsuas yog nyob rau hauv daim ntawv ntawm derivatives, substituents feem ntau yog hydroxyl, methoxy, tsawg tus methylenedioxy.

Qab zib esters

Polygala muaj ntau ntau cov suab thaj, cov qauv ntawm A, C, D plaub, tus qauv ntawm 12 pawg neeg.

Alkaloids

Tshuaj lom neeg

R1

R2

N9-Form Hal

CH3

CHO

1-Butyloxycarbonyl-β-Kalin

COO (CH2) 3CH3

H

1-Ethoxy carbonyl-β-Kalin

COOCH2CH3

H

1-Methoxyl pawg-β-Kalin

COOCH3

H

Hal txiv neej

H

H

Hal txiv neej

CH3

H

perlolyrine

H

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Lwm cov khoom xyaw

Ntxiv rau cov khoom xyaw saum toj no, Polygalaceae kuj muaj haus cawv, 3,4,5-trimethoxy-cinnamic acid, stigmasterol, a-spinosterol glucoside, a-spinosterol glucoside-6'-palmitate, - hydroxy-4,6-benzophenone, sibiricaphenone thiab nplua nuj roj fatty thiab cov resins.


Lo lus tseem ceeb Avg. Cov Tshawb Nrhiav Txhua Hli (pes match xwb) Kev sib tw Pom zoo li cas
polygala tenuifolia
senega cag
Thinleaf milkwort paus
polygala 10 txhiab - 100 txhiab 0.05 0.85
plante polygala 100 - 1 txhiab 0.14 1.13
polygala plante 10 - 100 0.11
polygala arbuste 10 - 100 0.14
polygala tenuifolia 1 tauj - 10 txhiab 0.04 1.18
polygala senega 100 - 1 txhiab 0.03 0.28
polygala hauv paus 100 - 1 txhiab 0.15 0.6
polygala Suav tshuaj ntsuab 10 - 100 0.32 8.88
polygalaceae 100 - 1 txhiab 0
nroj tsuag polygala 10 - 100 0.17 0.73
polygala tenuifolia paus 10 - 100 0.16
poligala senega 10 - 100 0


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