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Radix Platycodi

【名】 【Radix Platycodi jiegeng 【English lub npe】 Platycodonis Radix. 【Source】 Lub hauv paus ntawm Campanulaceae Platycodon grandiflorus (Jacq.) A. DC. 【Tsob ntoo daim ntawv】 Perennial tshuaj ntsuab, dawb mis. Lub hauv paus tseem ceeb yog spindle-puab thiab muaj tsawg ceg. Qia qhov siab 30 mus 120 cm, glabrous, feem ntau tsis ...

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【名】 【Radix Platycodi jiegeng

【English lub npe】 Platycodonis Radix.

【Source】 Lub hauv paus ntawm Campanulaceae Platycodon grandiflorus (Jacq.) A. DC.

【Tsob ntoo daim ntawv】 Perennial tshuaj ntsuab, dawb mis. Lub hauv paus tseem ceeb yog spindle-puab thiab muaj tsawg ceg. Qia qhov siab 30 mus rau 120 cm, glabrous, feem ntau tsis branched los yog me ntsis branched saum toj no. Tshem 3 mus rau 4 thawm npog, rov qab los yog hloov, sessile los yog luv luv stalked, nplooj ntoos hniav ovate rau lanceolate, apex taw, margin serrate, base cuneate, abaxial surface hauv qab no. Paj 1 los ntawm ob peb zaug, tshuav ib qho zus los yog ib qho kev sib tw sib txuas, calyx campanulate, lobes 5, corolla broadly campanulate, 4 mus rau 6 cm nyob rau hauv diam., Xiav lossis xiav liab xiav, lobes 5, triangular, stamens 5, Lub hauv paus ntawm lub khob ntawm lub paj yog widened, ntom plaub mos mos yog zoo, lub ovary yog nyob rau hauv qis txoj hauj lwm, thiab cov style yog 5 tawg. Txiv hmab txiv ntoo.

【Origin】 Radix Platycodi tau yug los rau ntawm qhov chaw ntawm cov nyom thiab hav zoov hauv toj siab. Ob sab qaum teb thiab koog south qab raug faib thiab cog qoob loo.

[Txav ua] Caij nplooj ntoos hlav thiab caij nplooj zeeg caij nplooj zeeg, qhov excavators hauv caij nplooj zeeg yuav zoo dua. Traditional processing method: Tom qab lub cork yog scraped tawm nrog ib lub tais los yog xyoob riam, nws yog qhuav. Nyob rau hauv xyoo tas los, ib txhia cheeb tsam tau sim tsis chais ntawm daim tawv nqaij, ntxuav cov av, qhuav los yog sliced nyob rau hauv qhov chaw thiab qhuav. Qhov no yuav txuag tau labour, tab sis cov tsos ntawm medicinal cov ntaub ntawv yog me ntsis cuam tshuam.

Cov Tshuaj Ua Rau Lub Ntiaj Teb】 cylindrical los yog ntxaiv zoo li, me ntsis twisted, nquag ceg, ntev 6 mus rau 25 cm, inch 0.5 mus rau 2.5 cm. Qhov saum npoo yog grayish los yog yellowish-dawb, thiab lub rhizomes qaum (Lutou) muaj ib nrab-hliy qia cim; lub keeb kwm muaj kab rov tav kab, tag nrho muaj lus longitudinal wrinkles thiab grooves, thiab muaj transverse ntawm daim tawv nqaij zoo li nti. Nyuaj thiab brittle, yooj yim rau tawg, me ntsis tsis sib luag ntawm qhov chaw tawg, pom radial tawg, dawb tawv daim tawv, tsim ntawm ib tug ntshiab txheej ntawm ib ncig, xylem yellowish. Gas me ntsis, me ntsis iab tom qab lub qab zib saj.

[Clinical application] Radix Platycodi kev kho mob ntawm hnoos, hauv siab fullness stuffy, pharyngeal mob ruam, hnoos qeev pus. Kev kho mob ntawm lub ntsws tshuaj: Campanulaceae 1, licorice 2, Shuijianbi. Giarding Radix Platycodi crude saponins muaj anti-inflammatory, sedative, analgesic, antipyretic, relaxing cov nqaij, kev tiv thaiv thiab kev kho mob ntawm peptic ulcer.

Cov kev tshawb fawb Pharmacological】 Lub hauv paus, qia, nplooj, paj thiab txiv hmab txiv ntoo ntawm Platycodon grandiflora muaj cov nyhuv tseem ceeb heev ntawm scorpion. Cov Extract ntawm Platycodon grandiflorum thiab Platycodin muaj cov nyhuv rau cov nas lossis guinea npua los ntawm kev txhaj tshuaj intraperitoneal; Toxicity: Mice irrigated LDso Ntawm 24 g / kg, saponin tau txhaj tshuaj raws nraim nrog qis tshaj plaws ntawm 770 mg / kg. Saponin hemolysis, tsuas yog kev noj haus hauv qhov ncauj xwb. Nrog anti-inflammatory, anti-rash, dilate cov hlab ntsha; yuav qeeb lub plawv dhia, inhibit pa thiab txo qhov atrial contractility; nrog hypoglycemic, sedative analgesic, hypothermia, txo cov roj cholesterol, anti-edema thiab diuretic teebmeem.

[Cov tshuaj hauv tshuaj] Radix Platycodi muaj ntau yam triterpene polysaccharide saponins: Platycodin Saponins A, C, ntxiv rau cov kabmob Polygalaceae A, C, kuj muaj ntau tus fructose los ntawm hauv paus qia polysaccharides, steroids, a-spinach sterols thiab li ntawm . Cov ntsiab lus ntawm tag nrho cov saponins nyob rau hauv Radix thiab Rhizoma yog 10.17% nyob rau hauv lub siab tshaj theem ntawm rejuvenation thiab 4.190 / 0 nyob rau hauv lub withering theem. Ntxiv nrog Platycodin D, Platycodin D2, Platycodin D3, 2-O-Acetyl Polygalaceae, Apigenin, Luteolin, Methyllithoside-A methyl ester, Campylobacteric acid A, Campylobaphonic acid B, Campylobacteric acid C thiab li ntawm.


Lo lus tseem ceeb

Avg. Cov Tshawb Nrhiav Txhua Hli (pes match xwb)

Kev sib tw

Pom zoo li cas

Txhim Kho. sib qhia

Organic impr. sib qhia

Organic avg. txoj haujlwm

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Tshaj tawm ntawm

platycodon grandiflorus

1000 - 10000

0.09

1.64

N

N

platycodon

10000 - 100000

0.02

1.69

N

N

platycodon nroj

100-1000

0.49

2.29

N

N

platycodon paus

100-1000

0.21

1.09

N

N

platycodon grandiflorum paus

10 - 100

0.12

N

N

platycodon dawb

10 - 100

0.18

N

N

platycodon paus extract

10 - 100

0.77

N

N

platycodon perennial

10 - 100

0.17

4.05

N

N

platycodon grandiflorus paus

10 - 100

0

N

N

platycodon tshuaj ntsuab

10 - 100

0.26

N

N

qhuav platycodon

10 - 100

0.24

0.83

N

N

platycodon grandiflorus mariesii

100-1000

0.12

1.82

N

N

radix platycodi

100-1000

0.02

4.57

N

N

platycondon

100-1000

0.02

1.02

N

N

platycodon extract

10 - 100

0.09

N

N

radix platycodon grandiborum

10 - 100

0.01

N

N

kikyou

1000 - 10000

0

N

N

campanulales

1000 - 10000

0

N

N

campanales

100-1000

0.01

N

N

radix platycodonis

10 - 100

0.01

N

N

jie geng

100-1000

0.05

4.59

N

N

jie geng herb

10 - 100

0.09

N

N

jie geng tcm

10 - 100

0.06

4.79

N

N

Platycodon grandiflorum

Campanulatae

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