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Rhizoma Alismatis

[Herbal tshuaj npe] rhizoma alismatis 【English lub npe】 oriental waterplantain rhizome. [Tau qhov twg los] Alisma cog Alisma Alisma plantago-aquatica L. var. orientalis (Sam.) Juzep. Tubers. Plant morphology Alisma yog tsob nroj perennial hav iav. Underground tubers, spherical, xim av tawv nqaij, tuab feem ntau ntawm ...

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[Herbal tshuaj npe] rhizoma alismatis

【English lub npe】 oriental waterplantain rhizome.

[Tau qhov twg los] Alisma cog Alisma Alisma plantago-aquatica L. var. orientalis (Sam.) Juzep. Tubers.

Plant morphology Alisma yog tsob nroj perennial hav iav. Underground tubers, spherical, xim av ntawm daim tawv nqaij, tuab feem ntau ntawm fibrous keeb kwm. Ye Jisheng, lub ntsej muag elliptic rau ovate, apex acute or shortly pointed, puag broadly cuneate, npawv los yog me ntsis cordate, tag nrho, du rau ob sab hniav glabrous. Flowering stems yug los ntawm nplooj, pedicels, whorled, integrated verticillate loj panicles; pedicels nyob ntev, lub kaus-puab puab los yog khuj, kab dav heev cuneate, ntse; sepals 3, ntsuab, broadly ovate Petals 3, dawb, obovate, luv dua axils; stamens 6; pistil coob, dawb, ovary obovate, laterally tiaj, style lateral. Achenes yog feem ntau flat, obovate, xim av. Flowering los ntawm Lub rau hli ntuj mus rau Lub yim hli ntuj, fruiting lub sij hawm los ntawm Lub Xya hli ntuj mus rau Cuaj hlis.

[Lub hauv paus faib] Alisma yog yug nyob rau hauv ib qho chaw ntiav ntiav lossis dej khov, nyiam ua kev sov sov, thiab cog rau hauv cov av, humus-nplua nuj khov.

【Harvesting and Processing】 Nyob hauv lub caij ntuj no, khawb cov tub luam ntawm Alisma, tshem tawm cov stems thiab nplooj thiab fibrous keeb kwm, ntxuav, qhuav nrog ib tug me ntsis hluav taws, ces tshem tawm cov fibrous keeb kwm thiab ntxhib ntawm daim tawv nqaij.

Txhiab Qhov Ntshav Txheej Txheem Ntshe, nrau los yog ob sab, 4 mus rau 7 cm ntev thiab 3 mus rau 5 cm inch. Qhov saum npoo yog xim daj-dawb, thiab nws yog lub teeb xim av thaum nws tsis roughened. Muaj cov xwm txheej tsis xwm yeem ntawm cov kev nyuab siab, thiab muaj ntau ntau cag ntawm cov ciam teb, tshwj xeeb tshaj yog nyob rau hauv qab ntawm tubers. Khoom zoo, tawg daj-dawb, ntau, pom feem ntau qhov pores, thiab pom qhov ntswg thiab kab rov tav xim liab vascular bundles. Cov roj yog me ntsis fragrant thiab saj yog me ntsis iab.

Tr Tropism ntawm saj】 Alisma txias, qab zib thiab lub teeb. Raum meridian, zais los ntawm.

【Efficacy thiab Function】 Nqa tau zis, dampness thiab cua sov. Diuresis thiab to taub cov yeeb tshuaj muaj npe nyob rau hauv cov kab mob thiab cov tshuaj tua kab mob.

[Clinical application] npaum li cas 6-13 grams. Kev siv txoj kev tswj cov zis muaj kev tsis zoo, kev kho mob, kev ntuav, ntuav, zawv plab, phlegm, beriberi, gonorrhea, hematuria thiab lwm yam.

Pharmacological research: Alisma muaj cov kab mob tshuaj xws li diuresis, kev tswj cov ntshav lipids, tsim cov pob zeb tawm tsam, txo cov ntshav siab, ua rog rog, tiv thaiv kev ua rau lub cev, thiab kev tiv thaiv kev mob ntsws. Nyob rau hauv lub diuretic xeem ntawm nas, nws pom hais tias lub caij ntuj no qhuav ntawm Alisma orientalis muaj ib tug loj diuretic nyhuv. Cov kab mob Alisma, fermented nplej, thiab bran fried diarrhea tag nrho muaj cov nyhuv ntawm diuretic, thaum ntsev raws plab twb tsis muaj cov diuretic effect.

[Alicia Alcohol Oxide, Alisma Diterpene Alcohol, Alisanilide A Acid Ester, Alisma Alcohol Oxide, Alisma Alcohol Oxide, Alisma Diterpene Alcohol, Alisanilide A Acid Ester, Alisma Caffeine, Alismol® B Acid Ester, Alicia Cawv C Acid Ester, thiab lwm yam. Thiab muaj choline, lecithin thiab cov khoom phospholipid. Cov ntsiab lus ntawm Alisma cawv A24-acetate thiab Alisanilide B23-acetate yog txiav txim siab los ntawm kev ua yeeb yam hauv cov kua chromatography.


Lo lus tseem ceeb

Avg. Cov Tshawb Nrhiav Txhua Hli (pes match xwb)

Kev sib tw

Pom zoo li cas

Txhim Kho. sib qhia

Organic impr. sib qhia

Organic avg. txoj haujlwm

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Hauv kev npaj?

Tshaj tawm ntawm

rhizoma alismatis

100-1000

0.04

3.46




N

N


ze xie

100-1000

0.04

5.43




N

N


ze xie tshuaj ntsuab

10 -100

0.2

3.42




N

N


ze xie rhizoma alismatis

10 -100

0.02





N

N


alisma cogago aquatica

1000 - 10000

0.02

1.43




N

N


ze xie suav tshuaj ntsuab

10 - 100

0.08





N

N


alismatis rhizoma

100-1000

0.06

5.77




N

N


alisma orientalis

100-1000

0.01





N

N


alisma orientale

100-1000

0.01





N

N


Alismatis

10 - 100

0





N

N


zexie

10 - 100

0.01





N

N


alismae

10 - 100

0.03

3.5




N

N


ze xie

100-1000

0.04

5.43




N

N




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